When exploring the Canadian wilderness, it`s important to carry the tools you need to protect yourself from dangerous encounters with wildlife. When hiking and camping in certain areas, wearing a bear spray can be an essential tool you should wear for your personal protection to avoid a bear attack. [TEXT] Please record all encounters and sightings with bears, pumas and wolves: Banff National Park Dispatch 403-762-1470 Bear spray has proven to be very effective. This is an essential item that you should have with you at Bear Land. Not only with you, but on your side and ready to use if necessary. If you are facing charges related to the possession and use of bear spray, contact our team to learn more about how we can help you. You can reach us at (416-658-1818) or by contacting us. Aerosol cans for bears pull the substance up to 10 m high, and when a bear enters the spray, the substance irritates the eyes and skin of the bear, so that the bear retreats. Bear spray is not harmful to the bear and the effect is temporary. It is also important that the original labels are kept on the product, as the bear spray must indicate that it is intended for use in animals.
Bear spray would be considered a prohibited weapon when used against a human. It would be a crime to use a bear spray against a human. Bear spray would cause an intense burning sensation on the skin, neck and eyes. Bear sprays are considered a pesticide in the United States and must be registered with the EPA. Capsaicin in products sold in the United States is regulated by the EPA under Congress` FIFRA Act.  Whether you`re hiking, picnicking, camping, biking, trail running, or paddling in Parks Canada`s mountain parks, wearing bear spray is a good idea. This can reduce your risk of injury if you are in an aggressive encounter with a bear and/or other aggressive wildlife. The use of bear spray is always a last resort; Do everything you can to avoid an encounter with a bear in the first place. Prepare carefully before heading to Bear Land. Wearing bear spray is legal and provides you with an important line of defense in case you encounter a bear using an outbreak of pepper spray that irritates a bear`s eyes and makes it retreat. In case the bear gets very close, you want to make sure that your bear spray is outside. If a person wears bear spray outside an environment where it would be reasonable to use it, they may be charged under subsection 90(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada.
Transport Canada classifies bear aerosol cans as Class 2 dangerous goods. Passengers are prohibited from carrying bear spray in checked baggage and carry-on baggage. The province`s justice minister, Kaycee Madu, sent a letter two weeks ago to his federal counterpart and the minister of public safety, arguing that victims of the province`s recent hate-motivated violence had benefited from wearing pepper spray. Madu also called on Ottawa to establish binding minimum sentences for those convicted of hate crimes. Capsaicin spray, also known as pepper spray, is illegal to carry, and if used against a person (even in self-defense), it can result in criminal charges. The bear spray is only legal in Canada for use against attacking bears and is regulated by Health Canada and the Pest Control Products Act. It is strictly forbidden to spray people with bear spray. Under the Canadian Penal Code, it is illegal to sell, advertise or transport products designed to protect oneself personally from human attack.
Aerosol cans contain compressed gas and can explode when heated. Avoid using bear spray near open flames or sparks and store them at temperatures above 122 degrees Fahrenheit. The main active ingredients of bear spray are 1-2% capsaicin and related capsaicinoids.   As already mentioned, bear spray should only be used as a last resort and every opportunity should be given to allow the bear to retreat on its own or escape the situation. If you are camping, food should be stored in a sealed container so that it does not attract wildlife. Whenever you`re in Bear Land, you should have bear spray with you, whether you`re trail running, biking, or hiking. You can wear bear spray, but you can`t take it on a commercial plane. Bear spray is designed at higher concentrations as a dog spray and therefore stronger than dog spray. Capsaicin bear spray was developed in the mid-1980s under the direction of lead researcher Carrie Hunt, a graduate student at the University of Montana who worked under the supervision of Dr. Charles Jonkel and Dr.
Bart O`Gara.   Hunt had identified commercial pepper sprays as an effective deterrent for bears in previous research; However, they were unreliable and required physical proximity. Hunt`s thesis was published by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1984. Bill Pounds, who eventually founded Counter Assault Bear Spray, supported Hunt and offered to help him develop a prototype of a reliable aerosol can for Hunt`s research. They developed a bear spray formula with a spray range of more than 30 feet (9 meters) and a spray time of more than 7 seconds. Books have played an important role in the development of ingredients, the dispersal system and the recommended specifications of bear spray.  The company he founded, Counter Assault, became the first bear spray registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Regular pepper spray is illegal in Canada. It is considered an unauthorized weapon. Do not spray it on yourself, your tent or your equipment.
Studies have shown that the persistent smell actually attracts bears! If he can stop a bear in his tracks, imagine how he would feel about you. Check the label for health precautions. This does not mean that you can accidentally use pepper spray or other similar chemicals. The active substance in bear spray is oleoresin capsicum. However, it must be understood that the absolute risk of bears – even in grizzly bear (brown bear) countries – is so low that bear spraying cannot significantly reduce this risk. Bears in North America kill only a relatively small number of backpackers each decade, out of several million – for example, about 45,000 backcountry backpackers camp in Yellowstone each year, of which about half (48%) do not wear bear spray.  Bear spray is a very effective deterrent when used correctly.